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One of the greatest challenges facing the transport system in the coming years will be the change in mobility and the need for decarbonisation. These are technical, regulatory and social issues that arise in connection with a long-term abandonment of fossil energy sources. Potential for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions exists above all in the emissions-trading-free area of the traffic and transport sector with the help of savings measures through alternative propulsion technologies and the optimisation of traffic demand control as well as through awareness raising and changes in the mobility behaviour of road users.

Current developments in passenger service: The trend here is towards offer optimisation, traffic demand control and the promotion of e-mobility. The expansion of the public transport network, the promotion of active mobility and the mode and actor overreaching comprehensive organisation of mobility will create an ecologically compatible transport system and at the same time the conditions for sustainable economic growth.